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Institutional Work: Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations

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Title (user) : Institutional Work: Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of OrganizationsTitle (google) : Institutional Work Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of OrganizationsISBN : 0521518555,9780521518550DDC : 306.01LCC : HM826 .I556...
Description

Title (user) : Institutional Work: Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations

Title (google) : Institutional Work Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations

ISBN : 0521518555,9780521518550

DDC : 306.01

LCC : HM826 .I556 2009

GoogleBook ID : bhzKZWpMSREC

OpenLibrary ID : OL23229976M

Edition : 1

Authors (user) : Thomas B. Lawrence, Roy Suddaby, Bernard Leca

Authors (google) : Thomas B. Lawrence,Roy Suddaby,Bernard Leca

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

Language : English

Publication Date : 2009

File Format : pdf

Categories : Business & Economics


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Description (user) :
The 'institutional' approach to organizational research has shown how enduring features of social life - such as marriage and bureaucracy - act as mechanisms of social control. Such approaches have traditionally focused attention on the relationships between organizations and the fields in which they operate, providing strong accounts of the processes through which institutions govern action. In contrast, the study of institutional work reorients these traditional concerns, shifting the focus to understanding how action affects institutions. This book sets a research agenda within the field of institutional work by analyzing the ways in which individuals, groups, and organizations work to create, maintain, and disrupt the institutions that structure their lives. Through a series of essays and case studies, it explores the conceptual core of institutional work, identifies institutional work strategies, provides exemplars for future empirical research, and embeds the concept within broader sociological debates and ideas.


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Description (google) :
This book contains a series of essays and empirical case studies exploring the nature of institutional work.


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Table of contents :
Half-title......Page 3
Title......Page 5
Copyright......Page 6
Contents......Page 7
Figures......Page 9
Tables......Page 10
Contributors......Page 11
1 Introduction: theorizing and studying institutional work......Page 13
Actors, agency, and institutions......Page 15
Conceptualizing institutional work......Page 18
Theorizing institutional work......Page 21
Institutional work, accomplishment, and unintended consequences......Page 22
Institutional work and intentionality......Page 23
Institutional work and effort......Page 26
Institutional work: theorizing and studying......Page 29
Essays on institutional work......Page 30
Creating institutions......Page 32
Maintaining institutions......Page 33
Creating, maintaining, and disrupting institutions......Page 34
References......Page 35
Part I Essays on institutional work......Page 41
Introduction......Page 43
The agency versus structure debate in the field of organization studies......Page 44
The contribution of institutional theory to the agency versus structure debate......Page 47
The paradox of embedded agency in institutional theory......Page 48
Field-level enabling conditions......Page 50
Organization-level enabling conditions......Page 52
What about individual-level enabling conditions?......Page 53
Adopting a relational perspective......Page 55
A multidimensional view of agency......Page 57
Linking agency to institutional work......Page 59
References......Page 63
3 Leadership as institutional work: a bridge to the other side......Page 71
Institutionalization......Page 73
The leader......Page 75
The gap to be crossed......Page 80
Institutional pluralism as infrastructure......Page 82
The basic nature of the work......Page 84
Sight 1: Denotative leaders engaging in ongoing and highly consequential symbolic exchanges with different elements of their organization's heterogeneous
institutional environment......Page 86
Sight 2: Denotative leaders creating formal structures in order to avoid co-optation and balance competing institutional demands against one another......Page 88
Sight 3: Denotative leaders making value commitments in order to win trust and sustain cooperation among institutional constituencies......Page 89
Sight 4: Denotative leaders trying to create the appearance of organizational coherence, wholeness, and purposiveness in the face of institutional fragmentation......Page 90
Sight 5: Denotative leaders trying to control ongoing, emergent, and evolutionary processes of organizational change and maintain the (apparent) integrity of their organizations......Page 91
Sight 6: Denotative leaders making existential, character-defining choices in response to competing demands of their pluralistic institutional environment......Page 92
Sight 7: Denotative leaders working on themselves in the effort to adapt to the demands of their pluralistic institutional context......Page 93
Sights not seen......Page 94
Discussion......Page 95
References......Page 99
Introduction......Page 104
Context and actors in research on institutional work......Page 105
Context......Page 106
Actors......Page 107
Power, resistance, and institutional work......Page 108
Why poverty alleviation?......Page 109
Actors and poverty alleviation......Page 111
Institutional work and poverty alleviation......Page 112
Experimental......Page 113
Being marginal, being aggressive?......Page 115
Enhancing institutions......Page 117
Transforming and disrupting cultural beliefs, myths, and traditions......Page 119
Provisional institutions......Page 121
Navigating across different institutional logics......Page 123
Summary and concluding remarks......Page 124
References......Page 126
Introduction......Page 132
Dialectics and institutions......Page 133
Either/or approaches......Page 137
Both/and approaches......Page 139
Institutional actors both stabilize and change institutions......Page 141
Incumbents' and challengers' strategies are
interdependent......Page 143
Institutional work at one level influences work at other levels......Page 145
Concluding discussion......Page 146
References......Page 148
Part II Studies of institutional work......Page 153
6 Building the iron cage: institutional creation work in the context of competing proto-institutions......Page 155
The purpose of institutions......Page 158
Institutional creation work in disrupted environments......Page 160
Methods......Page 161
Analysis......Page 162
The BC coastal forest industry: a disrupted context......Page 163
Emerging proto-institutions......Page 165
Institutional co-creation in competitive contexts......Page 167
Initial development......Page 169
Promotion......Page 170
Normative......Page 171
Disrupting alternatives......Page 173
Co-creation – competition and collaboration......Page 174
Collaborative co-creation......Page 175
Establishing maintenance mechanisms......Page 176
Discussion......Page 177
Institutional creation work in the context of competition......Page 178
Implications for theories of institutional change......Page 181
Conclusions......Page 182
References......Page 183
7 Scandinavian institutionalism – a case of institutional work......Page 190
From informal network to formal organization (1970–1988)......Page 192
Creating an institution (1988–1995)......Page 193
Institutional maintenance and consolidation (1995–)......Page 196
Identifying Scandinavian institutionalism......Page 199
The Scandinavian loose coupling literature......Page 201
Sense-making, translation, and the question of agency......Page 202
Emerging boundaries of Scandinavian institutionalism......Page 205
Methodological orientations of Scandinavian institutionalism......Page 208
Conclusion......Page 209
References......Page 211
8 Institutional maintenance as narrative acts......Page 217
A narrative take on symbolic institutional maintenance......Page 218
The case study: Orot rape crisis center......Page 221
Data and analysis......Page 222
Maintaining the symbolic institutional order: Orot rape crisis center......Page 225
From powerlessness/misery to empowerment/well-being: feminist and therapeutic societal-level institutional meta-narratives......Page 226
Sexual trauma and recovery: the organizational-level story......Page 228
Individual stories of trauma-and-empowerment......Page 229
Institutional work: linking societal meta-narratives to organizational and individual stories......Page 232
Discussion: symbolic institutional maintenance from a narrative perspective......Page 235
Institutional maintenance between duplication and change: the dynamics of interpretation and translation......Page 237
The political aspects of symbolic institutional maintenance......Page 239
Maintenance at the interface between social levels......Page 241
References......Page 243
9 Maintaining an institution in a contested organizational field: the work of the AACSB and its constituents......Page 248
Institutional work of maintaining institutions......Page 250
The AACSB's coercive system adaptation as institutional
work......Page 252
Reinforcing normative foundations......Page 255
The institutional work of the AACSB: promoting accreditation......Page 257
Enactment of accreditation constituent schools......Page 262
Northwestern University (legacy founder school)......Page 263
Abilene Christian University (post-1991 accreditation)......Page 264
Discussion......Page 266
References......Page 270
Introduction......Page 274
Legitimacy and decoupling in institutional theory......Page 275
Privatization in the Czech Republic......Page 277
Symbol: the mass privatization strategy......Page 279
Substance: preservation of partially planned economy......Page 280
Strategic decoupling......Page 284
Decoupling of structure from activity......Page 285
Avoidance of inspection and evaluation......Page 286
The art of preserving institutions......Page 287
Conclusion......Page 291
References......Page 292
11 Doing which work? A practice approach to institutional pluralism......Page 296
Conceptual background......Page 297
A practice approach......Page 300
Research design......Page 302
Phase 1 (months 1–4): the regulatory logic is asserted and market logic disrupted......Page 307
Phase 2 (months 5–6): incompatibility between logics emerges......Page 309
Phase 3 (months 7–8): polarization of conflict between logics......Page 310
Phase 4 (months 9–11): creating logics in relation to each other......Page 311
Phase 5 (months 12–18): mutual adjustment between logics......Page 313
Discussion......Page 315
Conclusions and implications......Page 321
References......Page 324
Index......Page 329

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